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Musculoskeletal Pain – Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

September 25, 2023
Musculoskeletal Pain – Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

The modern-day lifestyle has caused many individuals to be more prone to experiencing musculoskeletal pain today than ever before. It can affect anyone, irrespective of whether you have suffered a small injury or an accident. Moreover, it can scintillate around the surrounding organs, disabling regular mobility. Hence, it is a serious cause for concern and needs to be addressed under the guidance of expert physiotherapists. But before that, let’s explore more about musculoskeletal pain causes, types, symptoms, and treatments.

What is musculoskeletal pain?    

Musculoskeletal pain is one of the most popular types of chronic pain and involves a dull, sharp, or achy pain felt in ligaments, nerves, muscles, bones, and even tendons. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms, you can visit Southgate Physio, a leading clinic offering expert-level care and healthcare services. We are a team of trained physiotherapists helping patients recover and boost the quality of their lives.

Types of musculoskeletal pain    

Here are the common types of musculoskeletal pain:

  • Joint Pain: It is frequently accompanied by stiffness and inflammation, and patients often find relief with rest. It can be caused by many health conditions or injuries.
  • Muscle Pain: This pain is often related to overuse, tension, or muscle injury caused by hard physical exercise. It is caused by specific muscles and starts during or after the activity, often leading to musculoskeletal back pain.
  • Ligament and Tendon Pain: Ligament and tendon pain is often less intense as compared to bone pain. It can be described as a sharp pain, especially caused by the stretching of the affected ligament or tendon.
  • Nerve Pain: Nerve pain, also known as neuropathic pain, refers to a type of pain that originates from damaged or malfunctioning nerves.

What causes musculoskeletal pain?    

Common causes of musculoskeletal pain include:

  • Bone fractures
  • Overuse injuries
  • Poor posture
  • Direct blows to muscles, bone or ligaments
  • Joint dislocation
  • Sprains
  • Poor biomechanics
  • Weakness of the muscles
  • Wear and tear

Symptoms of musculoskeletal pain    

Here are the common symptoms of musculoskeletal pain:

  • Muscle discomfort caused by a cramp or forceful muscle contraction, often known as a charley horse, can be intense and brief, with the muscle often twitching or contracting.
  • Tendon pain can be excruciating if it is caused by an injury. It usually gets worse when you move or stretch the damaged tendon and gets better when you relax.
  • Joint discomfort feels like a dull ache. It may be accompanied by stiffness and swelling.
  • Fibromyalgia generates numerous sore places all throughout the body.
  • Tingling, pins and needles, or burning sensations may accompany acute compression pain.

Other musculoskeletal pain symptoms may include:

  • stiffness and ache
  • oedema and erythema
  • a popping or cracking sound in the joint; difficulty moving the afflicted area
  • weakness
  • bruises whilst sleeping from muscle spasms or twitches

Treatment of musculoskeletal pain    

Targeted areas, like musculoskeletal shoulder pain, can be treated with a variety of manual treatments or mobilisations. These treatment options have been proven to benefit patients by helping them heal physically through a strategised recovery process. Other treatments may include:

  • Injections of anaesthetics or anti-inflammatory medicines into or near painful areas
  • Strengthening and stretching exercises for the muscles
  • Occupational or physical therapy
  • Acupressure or acupuncture
  • Techniques for relaxation and biofeedback
  • Manipulation and mobilisation
  • Core stability


Now that you are aware of the type of pain and its symptoms, it is recommended that you address the underlying condition as soon as possible. At Southgate Physio, we offer best-in-class musculoskeletal pain treatment options to relieve your pain and restore your life. We specialise in pre- and post-operative rehabilitation and offer routine therapies for treating strained muscles and ligaments.

If you want to know more, feel free to get in touch with us by calling 0208 3686767 or emailing us at

Physiotherapy Services We Offer

Our clinic offers a wide range of treatments that are all recommended and tailored to everyone who comes and visits us. Our range of treatments complements the body and mind, helping to keep you pain and injury-free, delivering preventative measures to maintain your well-being and enhance your performance levels.

Our main aim is to restore your personal well-being so you can enjoy an active, healthy, and pain-free life. Click on any of the services to find out a little more about each treatment and understand if it might be right for you.

Simply Contact Us or give one of our physiotherapists a call on 02083686767 or email us on to book a physiotherapy appointment.

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