Low back pain is generally defined as pain, muscle tension or stiffness.
Low back strain is usually triggered by destruction to the muscles and ligaments of the back. There are many reasons as to what causes lower back pain such as:
- The big nerve roots in the low back which go towards the legs can be irritated
- One of the inter-vertebral disc could be getting worse
- The bones, ligaments or joints might be damaged
- The smaller nerves which supports the low back could be irritated
- The large paired lower back muscles (erector spine) may be trained
Age plays a big part of the role. Lower back pain often occurs in younger adults such as 30-60 rather than older adults over 60. Younger individuals are more prone to experience back pain from the disc space itself. Whereas older adults often tend to suffer back pain from joint degeneration.
Imaging can be very beneficial to identify a lot of issues. Several people with low back pain do not show any abnormalities. There are guidelines in clinics which findings have led the recommendation to be prevented in referral for imaging patient with non-specific low back pain. However cases which only have a red flag, imaging could be indicated. Magnetic resonance imaging is possibly more precise than further types of imaging for identifying infections or malignancies, but the occurrence of these actual pathologist is low.
There are various treatments for this cause such as medication, physiotherapy and exercises. The lumbar spine on the low back steadiness is mainly dependent on the supporting abdominal and the lower back musculature. The stabilisation from the lower back muscles to the spine lead to posterior support. The muscles surround the discs and the spine, as a result the stronger these muscles are the less pressure is applied on the discs and joints of the spine. In some cases low back pain is self-limiting so it will get better within in its own time. Active exercises will highly improve and reduce the patients pain and also improving successive function in low back pain. An exercise programmer should be maintained frequently as it could likelihood reduce severity of low back pain in the future.